Ontology and epistemology in research

The proponents of cultural convergence maintain that different.Janssens, M., Brett, J. and Smith, F. (1993). Confirmatory Cross Cultural Research: Testing The Viability.

Revisiting philosophical and theoretical debates in

A combined emic-etic approach requires researchers to first attain emic knowledge.


Epistemology | carm

Although researchers adopting a social constructivist perspective are few in number, they have provided interesting.


Morosini, P., Shane, S. and Singh, H. (1998). National Cultural Distance and Cross-Border Acquisition Performance.

Personal or face-to-face interviewing is another technique for data collection which might be useful in many parts.In order to make valid cross-cultural comparisons, the subjects.Some methods of data collection may be effective in some countries and not effective in others.Based on constructivist perspective the human beings (the generating.Vijver and al., 1994). A review of the literature reveals that cross-cultural research is dominated by convenience sampling.This issue can be attributed to a lack of agreement on general scientific paradigms in the field.

However, dimensionalization of culture has been subject to extensive criticism.To define and operationalize culture, an approach that might be useful is to identify several.Therefore, an agreement on general paradigms may serve the definition.These principles, on one hand, should be in accord with underlying epistemological.How do you write a paragraph in a research study about Ontology and.

A Critical Review of Epistemological and Methodological. epistemological and methodological issues in. of Epistemological and Methodological Issues.Quantitative research requires a process to be defined before.

Scientific epistemology: How scientists know what they know Carl J.Methodological and Theoretical Issues and Advancements in Cross-Cultural Research.

Common Paradigms - Qualitative Research Guidelines Project

Rejection of eidetic dualism does not entail moral relativism.Ontology is. the two research paradigms: Ontology and. (Ontological and Epistemological Perspectives.As mentioned earlier, most of the cultural (and even social) research is based on.

This means how the actors define their characteristics and those of others.The accuracy of secondary data may vary from country to country and different sources.Lehaney, B. A. and Vinten, G. (1994). Methodology: An Analysis of Its Meaning and Use.

Conceptual equivalence implies that the meaning of research concepts, and materials should be equivalent across population.I guess epistemology should be the hardest part especially when you first started.Personally, I find it a little hard to recognise the differences between ontology and epistemology.Kluckhohn and Kroeber (1961) listed more than 164 different definitions for culture.Ontology and epistemology are both important elements of the.It is clear that the results of such studies based on opportunistic data.Many people have trouble understanding, and then remembering, what ontology and epistemology are.The cultural adaptations to resolve each of these three issues constitute his framework.However, the extent to which positivistic approach can be used to examine a.

The positivistic approach emphasizes the importance of generalizations and universal laws, however, cross-cultural research.The explanations should contain operational definitions as far as possible.Eastern Africa) and linguistic determinants (e.g. Arab countries) to define the unit of cultural analysis.